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The Latest Trafficking in Persons Report
Each year the U.S. Department of State, led by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, releases a Trafficking in Persons Report that examines the status of the problem of human trafficking across the globe. The report rates countries on their efforts to eradicate trafficking.
Read the report here. We’ll be posting more about it in the future. Watch Clinton introduce the report:
Here’s what’s being said about the report around the web:
CNN’s summary: Trafficking report spotlights slavery efforts
Each country is put into one of four grades – Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier Two Watch and Tier Three. Tier 1 is achieved by reaching minimum anti-trafficking standards and it does not highlight countries doing above and beyond the minimum.
For the first time in 11 years Myanmar has been promoted from Tier 3 to Tier 2 Watch. The report says Myanmar is primarily a source country for trafficking to other Asia countries, but there are still significant domestic trafficking problems and children can be conscripted into the national army.
It recommends Myanmar demobilizes child soldiers and focus more attention on domestic sex trafficking of women and children.
The Czech Republic—the only country last year to slip out of the top-rank—regained its Tier 1 status having introduced a series of anti-trafficking laws and securing successful trafficking convictions.
Iceland, Israel and Nicaragua were also promoted to Tier 1.
Portugal, however, was downgraded to Tier 2 because while new laws and initiatives were introduced, there was no evidence it was leading to prison sentences for the majority of convicted traffickers.
Nigeria and Bosnia-Herzegovina also fell out of the top-ranked countries.
Kenya was downgraded to Tier 2 Watch because it did not show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking.
Syria – with its ongoing violent conflict – was the only country relegated into Tier 3. The report said the lack of security made it difficult to check anti-trafficking measures.
Before the unrest Syria was primarily a destination country for trafficked women and children. The report found the unrest had put more people at risk from traffickers, particularly vulnerable segments of the population like Iraqi refugees.
The Tip Report’s ranking system is largely dependent on the amount of work being done by the national government rather than non-government or international organizations.
Information and interpretation from MSNBC: 42,000 modern-day slaves rescued but millions in bondage, trafficking report says
Clinton said earlier this year she had visited a trafficking shelter in Kolkata, India.
“The young women and girls there had suffered terrible abuse. But with their own drive and determination and with the help of some remarkable women and men they were getting their lives back on track,” she said.
“I met one girl, about ten years old, who asked if I wanted to see the martial arts she had learned at the shelter. As she performed her routine, I was impressed with the skills she had learned; but more than that, I was moved by the pride in her eyes – her sense of accomplishment and strength,” she added.
An honor for IJM: State Department Honors IJM President Gary Haugen
Haugen, only the second American to receive the award, dedicated the commendation to his colleagues: “It is a great honor to accept this distinction on behalf of my brave colleagues who are working in their own communities around the world to rescue and protect victims of violent oppression,” he said after the ceremony, referring to IJM’s staff of over 400, approximately 95 percent of whom are nationals of the developing countries where they work.
This report also highlights each of the 2012 TIP Report Heroes, and included praise for Haugen’s transformational leadership: “Mr. Haugen’s vision has transformed the landscape of human rights advocacy and is empowering a new generation of activists to help local governments transform justice systems to protect the poor from violence. This powerful model is working: independent evaluation has demonstrated that after four years of IJM partnership with local law enforcement in Cebu, Philippines, the availability of minors for sex decreased by a stunning 79 percent.”
Melissa loves merging her passions for writing and for helping provide restoration for exploited people. She graduated from Miami University with a degree in Adolescent English Education and is a former middle school language arts teacher. She now works full time as an editor. Melissa has visited Freeset in Kolkata, India.
View all posts by: Melissa